pepillo: ¿ Tienes un Tatuaje?

¿ Tienes un Tatuaje?

27 Mar 2013 en 03:16
Un tatuaje es una modificación del color de la piel en el que se crea un dibujo, una figura o un texto con tinta o con algún otro pigmento bajo la epidermis de una persona.



Los tatuajes fue una práctica habitual en Europa y Asia en el neolitico, es decir en la Edad de Piedra (reciente) en el continente que ocupaba desde la actual Europa hasta Asia.

En 1991 se encontró una momia neolítica dentro de un glaciar de los Alpes austro-italianos, con 57 tatuajes en la espalda.

Otras famosas momias antiguas con tatuajes que se han encontrado han sido la momia de Amunet, proveniente del Antiguo Egipto, y la momia de Pazyryk en la meseta de Ukok, mostrando que la práctica del tatuaje es tan antigua como la historia de la humanidad.

Aunque la palabra tatuaje posiblemente proviene del samoano «tátau», que significa marcar o golpear dos veces (en referencia al método tradicional de aplicar los diseños o plantillas), se incorpora al español a través del francés, tatouage.



Los marineros que viajaban por el Pacífico encontraron a los samoanos, y quienes quedaron fascinados por sus tatuajes equivocadamente tradujeron la palabra «tatau» como tatuaje. En japonés, la palabra usada para los diseños tradicionales o aquellos diseños que son aplicados usando métodos tradicionales es «irezumi» (inserción de tinta), mientras que «tattoo» se usa para diseños de origen no japonés.

En español, los entusiastas del tatuaje pueden referirse a ellos como «tattoos», o usan el término castellanizado «tatu»

Los tatuajes a lo largo del mundo y de la historia han tenido diferentes significados dependiendo de la zona geográfica y culturas.

En Occidente el tatuaje llegó por vía marítima. Las expediciones de Colón en América y del capitán James Cook a las islas de la Polinesia fueron el punto de partida del tatuaje hacia Occidente. En estas expediciones los marineros tuvieron contacto con los indígenas amerindios, con los maoríes y con otras tribus que les “enseñaron” el arte de tatuar. A su retorno, los marineros abrieron sus propios estudios de tatuaje y popularizaron esta disciplina entre los sectores populares. En 1846 se abre en Nueva York lo que aparentemente fue el primer estudio de tatuaje.

Durante la Guerra de Secesión el arte del tatuaje experimentó un gran crecimiento y popularización. Fellows, Hildebrandt y O'Reilly, el inventor de la máquina de tatuar, fueron los encargados de hacer de la práctica tatuadora una profesión.

Sin embargo, el tatuaje no se liberó completamente de su tradición inhumana. Durante la Alemania nazi (como el ejemplo más conocido aunque no sea el único) se utilizó el tatuaje para marcar a los prisioneros de los campos de concentración.

En los últimos años, el tatuaje ha sido incorporado progresivamente a la sociedad y hoy día éste cumple funciones puramente estéticas, y modo de expresión artísticas y no distingue entre sectores sociales.



Hay muchos estilos de tatuajes que se basan en los motivos o temas tatuados, hasta tatuajes de utilidad, actualmente se realizan tatuajes de animales para su identificación por ejemplo, o hasta con motivaciones terapeúticas como podría ser ocultar y disimular cicatrices. En otros blogs se irá extendiendo este apartado de los estilos, pero se podrían destacar: los tatuajes veganos (especial para vegetarianos, no usan elementos ni tintas extraidas de animales), tatuajes naturales realizados con carbon, se daba de forma natural en los mineros del carbón debido al polvo que se introducía por accidente en las heridas que se causaban los mineros en la mina, Tatuajes semipermanentes también llamados calcomanías. Son tatuajes que pueden ser borrados o simplemente desaparecen con el pasar del tiempo; los Tatuajes carcelarios Las partes preferidas del cuerpo son los brazos en primer lugar, y el torso en segundo lugar. Los motivos religiosos predominaban en presos por delitos de agresión personal y los motivos emocionales en presos por delitos de robo.

Suelen abundar la presencia de iniciales y ello tiene que ver con las relaciones sociales y la historia social personal de cada individuo.

El tema de los tatuajes actualmente como arte es muy amplio pero recoge todas estas inquietudes de la historia y motivos.



Si tienes un tatuaje un buen sítio para exponerlo online podria ser en:

www.votamitatuaje.es

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